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Citing Sources & Citation Tools: Home

How to Cite Sources

Citing a source means acknowledging where you got a specific quote, fact, graphic, data, or idea from. A citation is all the information needed to describe a source, such as (but not limited to) the author, title, publisher, page numbers, and publication date. Information in citations follows a specific format or style. There are many different citation styles. Which one you use can depend on what subject or discipline you are writing for or on the preference of you professor.

Common Citation Styles

The following links will take you to sites authored by vendors, organizations, and other academic libraries.  These links provide in-depth documentation to the most common style formats.

MLA - (Modern Language Association); often used in English classes.   MLA 8th edition Citation Guide

APA - (American Psychological Associations); often used in psychology and social sciences classes (political science, sociology, economics); see The Writer's Handbook also.

Chicago - often used in Humanities (English, Arts, History)

Turabian - often used History and other Humanities disciplines

ACS (American Chemical Association); Chemistry

ASME (American Soceity of Mechanical Engineers); see this guide also

CSE (Council of Science Editors)

AMA (American Medical Association); see this guide also

AMA (American Marketing Association) 

Masters in Bioethics (UGC/Mt Sinai) Project Reference Style Sheet


The library has many of the complete style manuals available in print and can assist you in using them.

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